Scientific American 51, 9.9.1848
This is a stringent shrub used for the purposes of tanning and dyeing. The best quality comes from the Island of Sicily and costs the United States no small amount yearly, as great quantities are used for the purposes mentioned. The plant or shrub, is a native of America and we do not see why it might not be cultivated both successfully and profitably, especially in some of our Southern States. It grows best in warm sandy soil. It requires a few years after planting to produce full crops - stand 10 or 12 years after planting until it requires new planting, hence a regular series of planting is easily kept up. It requires very little labour to prepare the land or cultivate the crop - can be gathered in by any sort of hands - crop steady and sure. It is prepared for market by grinding leaves, & c. at small cost.