The Commercial Dictionary of Trade Products: H, I, J (väriin liittyvät sanat)

The Commercial Dictionary of Trade Products, Manufacturing and Technical Terms: with a Definition of the Moneys, Weights, and Measures, of All Countries, Reduced to the British Standard.

By P. L. Simmonds, F.R.G.S., F.S.S., author of "The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom," "Waste products and Undeveloped Substances," "The Curiosities of Food," etc., etc.

A New Edition, Revised and Enlarged.

London: George Routledge and Sons, the Broadway, Ludgate;
New York: 416, Broome Street.

a preparation used for darkening or altering the colour of the hari. Almos every hair-dresser has a nostrum of his own; many of these are extremely injurious, containing oxide of lead, which is absorbed by the skin.

a workman who dyes beaver hats black.

green quartz with blood-red spots and veins; a flower. See Bloodstone.

the colouring principle of logwood.

a rich ore of iron of which there are several varieties, the red, black, purple, brown, &c.

the red colouring matter of blood; in its dried state is sold for making Prussian blue.

an Indian colouring substance obtained from the shoots of the Lawsonia inermis. The Mahometan women use it for dyeing the nails red; the manes and tails of the horses in Arabia and Barbary, are also stained red in the same manner. The destilled water of the flowers is used as a perfume.

the Malay name for lac.

a black pigment used for water colour painting.
See China-ink.

see Chay.

a purple red, variety of -

Indian -yellow,
a dye of questionable origin, said to be procured from the urine of the cow, after eating decayed and yellow mango leaves; other authorities refer it to camels' dung. Analysis shows it to be composed chiefly on purreic acid, combined with magnesia. Its name, in some parts of the East, is Purree.

a blue dye-stuff of commerce, obtained principally from the leaves of Indigofera, largely cultivated in India; but other plants yield it in small quantities.

washing blue prepared in small lumps for laundresses, who use it to tint the water for rinsing their linen.

a preparer of the colouring substance by maceration, &c., from the leaves of the indigo plant.

a cultivator of indigo, which is now chiefly grown in the East Indies; but was formerly largely cultivated in the West Indies and Central America.

a name given to yarns, wools, &c., dyed with fast colours before manufacture.

a Japanese long measure, nearly 75 inches; a pigment or fluid for writing or printing with, or which there are several kinds. Black writing.ink is commonly made from salts of iron with various astringent vegetable infusions. The best materials are sulphate of iron and nutgalls, suspended by mucliage of gum arabic; other ingredients as logwood, sulphate of copper, and sugar, are sometimes added. Blue ink is made with sulphate of indigo; red ink with Brazil wood infused in vinegar or alcohol, alum and gum. Black printing-ink is made of lamp-black, linseed oil, rosin, brown soap, and a small quantity of indigo. See Ing.

a receptable for ink of various forms.

a composition roller with hadles, used by printers for spreading ink over type, wood-cut blocks, or engarved plates.

a table of a peculiar construction, used by letter-press printers to supply the roller with the requisite quantity of ink during the process of printing.

Ink-powder maker,
a manufacturer of a dry composition for making ink with.

a solution of acetate of iron used as a mordant by calico printers. It is usually called printers' liquor.

Ivory and Bone Stainer,
a workman who colours these substances.

animal charcoal; a powder prepared by heating ivory shavings in an iron cylinder; when from bones, it is called bone-black. See Bone-black.

Ivory-black Manufacturer,
a maker of animal charcoal from calcined ivory refuse. It is used as the basis of the finer black pigments, and for ink for copperplate printers.

a varnish for metallic and other articles, made of linseed oil, umber, and turpentine; another kind is made of seedlac and spirits of wine with a colouring substance added.

Japan-Earth, Terra Japonica.
See Gambier

a manufacturer of the varnish termed japan.

enamelled or vanished leather prepared with several coatings of a mixture, consisting of linseed-oil, Prussian-blue, and lamp-black, rubbed in with the hand and then dried in a stove.

a varnisher; one who lays a japan upon substances.

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the bark of Eloecarpus Hinau, used for dyeing in New Zealand.

a name in India for the flowers of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis usef for dyeing yellow or orange.

Jaffna moss,
a dye lichen, Alectoria sarmentosa, collected in Ceylon for tinctorial purposes.

Japan wax,
a solid white vegetable tint, obtained boiling seeds of Rhus succelanea.

the native name for the indigo plant in Central America.

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