Q. 3166. Lithography.

Manufacturer and Builder 2, 1883

Q. 3166. Lithography. - Has not lithography been very long in use? Where does the stone used by lithographers come from? Has any been found in this country?
— M. L., Brooklyn, N. Y.

Answer. The art of lithography is hardly deserving of being called an old one, since it originated with a German — Alois Senefelder — in the year 1796, and is therefore a comparatively modern art. The so-called lithographic stone is an exceedingly compact, uniformly fine-grained limestone, free from veins and embedded fossils or crystals. The quarries of Solenhofen, near Pappenheim, in Bavaria, furnished the first plates, and none have yet been found to equal them in quality. They are of a uniform pale yellowish or bluish-white color, with in fracture perfectly conchoidal. Similar calcareous stones, suited for lithography, have been found in England, France and other European countries; and in this country a promising bed has been found its Kentucky, but thus far no deposit of lithographic stone has been found to equal in quality that of Solenhofen.

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