A Dictionary of Arts: Blue Pigments.

A Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines; containing A Clear Exposition of Their Principles and Practice

by Andrew Ure, M. D.;
F. R. S. M. G. S. Lond.: M. Acad. M. S. Philad.; S. PH. DOC. N. GERM. Ranow.; Mulh. Etc. Etc.

Illustrated with nearly fifteen hundred engravings on wood
Eleventh American, From The Last London Edition.
To which is appended, a Supplement of Recent Improvements to The Present Time.

New York: D Appleton & company, 200 Broadway. Philadelphia: George S. Appleton, 148 Chestnut St.


BLUE PIGMENTS. Several metallic compounds possess a blue color; especially those of iron, cobalt, and molydenum. The metallic pigments, little if at all employed, but which may be found useful in particular cases, are the molybdate of mercury, the hydro-sulphuret of tungsten, the prussiate of tungsten, the molybdate of tin, the oxyde of copper darkened with ammonia, the silicate of copper, and a fine violet color formed from manganese and molybdenum. The blues of vegetable origin, in common use, are indigo, litmus, and blue cakes. The blue pigments of a metallic nature found in commerce are the following: Prussian blue; mountain blue, a carbonate of copper mixed with more or less earthy matter; Bremen blue or verditer, a greenish blue color obtained from copper mixed with chalk or lime; iron blue, phosphate of iron, little employed; cobalt blue, a color obtained by calcining a salt of cobalt with alumina or oxyde of tin; smalt, a glass colored with cobalt and ground to a fine powder; charcoal blue, a deep shade obtained by triturating carbonized vine stalks with an equal weight of potash in a crucible till the mixture ceases to swell, then pouring it upon a slab, putting it into water, and saturating the alkali with sulphuric acid. The liquor becomes blue, and lets fall a dark blue precipitate, which becomes of a brilliant blue color when heated.

Molybdenum blue is a combination of this metal, and oxyde of tin or phosphate of lime. It is employed both as a paint, and an enamel color. A blue may also be obtained by putting into molybdic acid, (made by digesting sulphuret of molybdenum with nitric acid,) some filing of tin, and a little muriatic acid. The tin deoxydixes the molybdic acid to a certain degree, and converts it into the molybdous, which, when evaporated and heated with alumina recently precipitated, forms this blue pigment. Ultramarine is a beautiful blue pigment, which see.

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