The Dyer's Guide. Chapter IV. On Scouring and Dyeing Wool. Rules to judge of the state of the vat. Indications when a vat has had too much or too little lime.

The Dyer's Guide
Being a Compendium of the Art of Dyeing
Linen, Cotton, Silk, Wool, Muslin, Dresses, Furniture, &c. &c.

With The Method of
Scouring Wool, Bleaching Cotton, &c.
Directions for Ungumming Silk, And For Whitening And Sulphuring Silk And Wool.
And Also
An Inttroductory Epitome of The Leading Facts in Chemistry, As Connected With The Art of Dyeing.

By Thomas Packer,
Dyer and Practical Chemist.

"Cet arte est un des plus utiles et des plus merveilleux qu'on connoisse."
- Chaptal.

"There is no art which depends so much on chemistry as dyeing."
- Garnett.

Second Edition,
Corrected and Materially Improved.

Printed for Sherwood, Gilbert, And Piper,

Rules to judge of the state of the vat.

The vat is ready for working, and to dye blue, when the sediment at the bottom, on being taken out of the vat changes to a fine brown-green. When the froth which rises in great bubbles on the surface is of a fine Prussian-blue, and when the pattern which has been steeped an hour, comes out of a dark grass-green, and changes in the air to a blue; when the liquor is clear and reddish, and the drops which stick to the rake are brown; when the sediment changes colour on being taken out of the liquor, and becomes brown on exposure to the open air; when the liquor is neither harsh nor greasy to the feel, and neither smells of lime nor of ley, the vat is known to be in a proper state for working.

Indications when a vat has had too much or too little lime.

These extremes ought to be carefully avoided. When the lime is deficient, or a pattern comes out of a dirty grey, and the sediment does not change its colour, there is scarcely any effervescence on the vat; the liquor smells only of lime, or of the lixivium of lime.

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