The Dyer's Guide. Chapter II. On Dyeing Cotton. To set a cold indigo vat for cotton, &c.

The Dyer's Guide
Being a Compendium of the Art of Dyeing
Linen, Cotton, Silk, Wool, Muslin, Dresses, Furniture, &c. &c.

With The Method of
Scouring Wool, Bleaching Cotton, &c.
Directions for Ungumming Silk, And For Whitening And Sulphuring Silk And Wool.
And Also
An Inttroductory Epitome of The Leading Facts in Chemistry, As Connected With The Art of Dyeing.

By Thomas Packer,
Dyer and Practical Chemist.

"Cet arte est un des plus utiles et des plus merveilleux qu'on connoisse."
- Chaptal.

"There is no art which depends so much on chemistry as dyeing."
- Garnett.

Second Edition,
Corrected and Materially Improved.

Printed for Sherwood, Gilbert, And Piper,

Put three pounds of slacked lime, sifted, into six quarts or more of boiling water; stir the mixture well for some time, and after it has settled, draw off the clear liquid, to which add three pounds of sulphate of iron, stirring it well till all is dissolved; let it settle till the next day; have ready a deal cask, because one made of oak would blacken and otherwise injure the dye, in consequence of the affinity between the tannin, &c. of the oak and the sulphuric acid. Put into the cask seventy-five gallons of water, to which add the mixture of lime and sulphate of iron; take now three pounds of indigo, well ground and ready at hand, dissolved in three pints of strong solution of potash, such as was directed to be prepared for neutralizing the chemic blue. Put this solution of indigo and potash into the tub with the water, lime, &c.; after it is well stirred, and left to settle, it produces a deal of froth; but the liquor takes a fine green colour, which turns to blue when exposed to the air.

Soda may be used instead of potash, if treated the same way. Soda, it may be observed, forms the usual ley of the soap manufacturer; and answers for soap much better than potash, because its combinations do not usually absorb moisture from the air: potash, and several of its combinations, do so.

Ei kommentteja :