The Dyer's Guide. Chapter II. On Dyeing Cotton. Sulphate of Indigo.

The Dyer's Guide
Being a Compendium of the Art of Dyeing
Linen, Cotton, Silk, Wool, Muslin, Dresses, Furniture, &c. &c.

With The Method of
Scouring Wool, Bleaching Cotton, &c.
Directions for Ungumming Silk, And For Whitening And Sulphuring Silk And Wool.
And Also
An Inttroductory Epitome of The Leading Facts in Chemistry, As Connected With The Art of Dyeing.

By Thomas Packer,
Dyer and Practical Chemist.

"Cet arte est un des plus utiles et des plus merveilleux qu'on connoisse."
- Chaptal.

"There is no art which depends so much on chemistry as dyeing."
- Garnett.

Second Edition,
Corrected and Materially Improved.

Printed for Sherwood, Gilbert, And Piper,

"Take one pound of the best flora indigo in very fine powder, put this into a stone-ware or lead vessel, then add gradually three pounds of the best sulphuric acid, specific gravity 1.800; mix well and stir often, and in twenty-four hours the indigo will be dissolved. Adding three ounces of sulphur to the acid, and heating it to 180°; then, when cooled to 100°, pouring the acid off the sediment, and then adding to it the indigo, is considered the best way of opening or dissolving the indigo. When the indigo and acid have been mixed twenty-four hours, add three pints of boiling water; stir often; when cold it will be fit for use."

To neutralize the sulphate of indigo.

"Take six pounds of alum and dissolve it in two gallons of water at 120°, when dissolved add, by degrees, five pounds of pearl-ashes until the acid of the alum is neutralized and the alumine formed, then put the whole on a piece of calico that has been hooked in a square frame, or tied over a vessel; when the liquor has run off then add one gallon of boiling water on the alumine and stir it up well. When the water has gone through the calico the alumine is fit for use. Then add a part of this alumine to some of the sulphate of indigo until the acid is neutralized."

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