Dictionarium polygraphicum. Of dying Yellows and Orange-Tawney.

Dictionarium Polygraphicum:
Or, The Whole Body of Arts Regularly Digested.
Vol II.
London: Printed for C. Hitch and C. Davis in Pater-noster Row, and S. Austen in St. Paul's Church Yard. MDCCXXXV.
1. To dye a Yellow colour.
Take water a sufficient quantity, alum one pound, enter volt yarn cloth, &c. boil two hours, and take it out, and wash it clean. Take fresh fair water a sufficient quantity, fustick two pounds, let it boil, and enter your cloth, boil an hour, and take it out; this will dye twenty pounds weight.

2. To dye an Orange-Tawney.
Let your wool, yam, flannel, stuff, or cloth, &c. be first dyed inro a red colour; and then being red, let it be dyed into a yellow colour.

3. Another way to dye an Orange-Tawney.
Take stale wheat-bran liquor a sufficient quantity, alum three pound, enter twenty yards of broadcloth, handle and boil three hours; take it out, cool and wash it well. Take fair water, and good linge, or hedder, which grows in morasses, moors, or swamps, boil it a good while, and take forth the hedder, and cool with a little yellow; take it up and air it. Take fresh bran-liquor a sufficient quantity, madder two pounds, enter your cloth, and boil it with a quick fire, then take it out, cool it, and wash it well. Observe you may make it a good yellow with fustick, and then afterwards perfect it with madder.

4. To make another Yellow colour.
Take buckthorn berries gathered about the beginning of August, bruise them, and add a little alum in fine powder, mix and keep all in a brass vessel.

5. Another good Yellow.
Make a strong tincture of saffron in whitewine vinegar, and add thereto a sufficient quantity of alum in powder.

6. To make another excellent Yellow dye.
Take pure clear wheat-bran liquor thirty quarts, alum three pounds, enter your stuff or cloth, boil for two hours; after which take wold, weld, or dyer's weed two pounds, and boil it 'till you see the colour good.

7. Another good Yellow dye or colour.
Take running water and malt-wort, of each a like quantity; in which dissolve a sufficient quantity of alum by boiling: into this liquor put whatsoever you would have dyed yellow, and let it boil a good while, then take it out, and put it into a strong decoction of wold, weld, or dyer's weed, made with chalkwater, and laying weight upon it, let it boil one hour or two.

8. To dye an Orange-Tawney colour.
Make a weak lixivium of pot-ashes, or buck-ashes, as women wash their clothes withal, put into it wood-foot a sufficient quantity, and black cork; boil a while, then put in the matter you would dye (being first dyed yellow) and let it boil a little, casting in while it boils a handful of bay-salt.

9. To dye Barley-straw, &c. of a Yellow.
Take a lixivium of pot-ashes, a sufficient quantity of yellow bark, of the barberry-tree a pound, make a decoction, and in this boil your straw.

10. To dye a Yellow colour.
Take alum-water a sufficient quantity, inner bark of a plumbtree one pound, or as much sumach; make a decoction, and boil what you think fit in it, and it will be of a fair yellow.

11. To make a Yellow.
Take orpiment a sufficient quantity, grind it with water, then put it in little parcels upon paper to dry, and then you may me it as a pigment.

12. To make an Orange colour.
Take vermilion, grind it with a little saffron, and then mix it with a little red-lead.

To dye Thread Yellow.
Boil eight pound of broom, one pound of Spanish yellow, one pound ot crab-tree rind, and one pound of corn marigold in a kettle, with three quarts of sharp lye, and work the thread in the liquor three times successively, not suffering it to dry be tween whiles, and it will be of a beautiful and lasting colour.

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