Dictionarium polygraphicum. Of dying scarlet, and the bow-dye.

Dictionarium Polygraphicum:
Or, The Whole Body of Arts Regularly Digested.
Vol II.
London: Printed for C. Hitch and C. Davis in Pater-noster Row, and S. Austen in St. Paul's Church Yard. MDCCXXXV.
Of dying scarlet, and the bow-dye.

1. To dye a scarlet colour in grain.
Take stale clear wheat-bran liquor, a sufficient quantity; alum, three pounds; enter twenty yards of broadcloth, and boil it three hours, cool and wash it; take fair water, a sufficient quantity, hedder or strawel a fit quantity; let them boil well, cool them with a little water, enter your cloth and make a bright yellow, cool and wash it again; take fresh wheatbran liquor a sufficient quantity, madder four pounds; enter your cloth at a good heat, handle it to a boiling, cool and wash it well; take more fresh bran liquor a sufficient quantity, cochineal in fine powder five ounces, tartar three ounces; enter your cloth, and boil an hour or more, keeping it under the liquor, then cool and wash it.

2. To dye a bastard scarlet colour.
Take stale bran liquor twelve days old a sufficient quantity alum three pounds and a half, red tartar one pound dissolved, enter twenty yards of broadcloth, boil four hours and handle it well; cool it and let it lye in the alum water twenty-four hours, and wash it in fair water, (but some do not;) take fresh bran liquor a sufficient quantity, best madder one pound; enter y our cloth at a good heat, handle it well to a boiling, keeping but s C A but a flow fire, cool and wash it well; lastly, take fresh bran liquor a sufficient quantity; enter your cloth again, boil it half an hour, cool and wash it well.

3. Another scarlet colour in grain from a white colour.
Take fair water, clear bran liquor, of each equal parts, a sufficient quantity; alum nine pound and a half, tartar five pounds and a half, melt them; then enter thirty pounds weight or wool, yarn, flannel, or cloth; boil them four hours, take it out and let it cool, and wash it well in fair cold water; then take grains (commonly called cochineal) fifteen ounces in fine powder, tartar fifteen ounces, fresh bran liquor a sufficient quantity, melt them; enter your cloth, &c. handle it to a good hear, and your cloth being white, it will be of a good scarlet colour: let it boil two hours, handle it to a good heat, take it out and wash it.

4. To perform a Bow-dye.
Take double aqua fortis ten ounces, (some fay sixteen ounces) filings of pewter twenty ounces, filings of silver or leaf-silver two ounces; put the pewter into the aqua-fortis to dissolve, and after thac the silver, dissolving them over a gentle heat; then take cochineal in fine powder, cream of tartar in fine powder five ounces; mix them with the former things, and add to them white starch forty spoons-full, dissolving and mixing.
Now take the liquor you intend to dye with, and put in a proportionable quantity of the former mixture, (but in a brass vessel lined with pewter or tin,) boil it a quarter of an hour and it is done.

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