Dictionarium polygraphicum. Of dying Red-rose, or carnation colours.

Dictionarium Polygraphicum:
Or, The Whole Body of Arts Regularly Digested.
Vol II.
London: Printed for C. Hitch and C. Davis in Pater-noster Row, and S. Austen in St. Paul's Church Yard. MDCCXXXV.
1. To dye a Red rose a blood-red, or carnation-colour.
Take liquor of wheat-bran a sufficient quantity, alum three pounds, tartar two ounces, boil and enter twenty yards of broad cloih three hours, cool and wash it; take fresh clear bran-liquor a sufficient quantity, madder four pounds, boil and sadden according to art.

2. Another Red-rose or carnation colour.
Take wheat-bran liquor a sufficient quantity, alum two pounds, tartar two ounces, boil and enter twenty yards of camblet, and boil it three hours, after which take it out, and waffiit very well; then add madder a pound, enter and boil it aagain, cool and wash it; after which take clear liquor a sufficient quantity, cochineal in fine powder two ounces, tartar two ounces, enter your camblet, boil and finish it.

3. To dye crimson in grain.
First boil the yarn, stuff, &c. in the red, (in the following article) then finish it in a strong tincture of cochineal, made in part water, part wine, or in wheat-bran liquor; where note, that the vessels, in which the materials are to be boiled, must be lined with tin, otherwise the colour will be desective; the lame observe in dying of silks, in each colour, with this caution, that you give them a much milder hear, and a longer time.

4. An excellent observation
The Bow-dyers know that the resolution of Jupiter (which is dissolved tin) being put into a kettle with alum and tartar, makes the cloth, &c. attract the colour into it, so that none ot the cochineal is left, but all drawn out of the water into the cloth.

5. Another observation.
The spirit of nitre, being us'd with alum anil tartar in the first boiling, makes a firm ground, so that they shall not spot, nor RED nor lose their colour by the sun, fire, air, vinegar, wine, urine, or salt-water, &c.

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