Dictionarium polygraphicum. [To dye] Crimson.

Dictionarium Polygraphicum:
Or, The Whole Body of Arts Regularly Digested.
Vol I.
London: Printed for C. Hitch and C. Davis in Pater-noster Row, and S. Austen in St. Paul's Church Yard. MDCCXXXV.
To dye cloth, stuff, &c. a brasile crimson.
First dye it as you do flesh colour, but it must be deepened, then pour into the copper fresh spring water, adding lye of pot-ashes, and lye made with calcin'd tartar; stir them well together, and let the cloth soak in it two hours, stirring it about every quarter of an hour, and it will be of a very good Crimson; but if the cloth doth not take the dye kindly you must add more of the lye.

To dye a very good CRIMSON.
Allow half an ounce of cochineal to every pound of wool, half a quartern of oatmeal or wheaten-bran, having first dissolv’d it eight days in water, that it may become sour, and when you go about dying, pour the bran-water into the kettle, and then (the cochineal having been dissolv’d the night before in warm water) make a good fire under the kettle to heat the liquor, and put it into it by little and little, till there is no more of the solution left, stirring it about all the while; and when it begins to boil, add a proportional quantity of lye, and pass the cloth through it three times; or throw half a quartern of wine lees or ashes into the warm suds, and pass the goods through it till they have taken the dye sufficiently.

Another CRIMSON.
Let the stuffs be allum'd as usual, and having heated a sufficient quantity of fair water, and for every pound of stuff or wool, take of cochineal and tartar, each an ounce and half, the former being, as before, first sufficiently dissolv’d, boil these together; put in the goods that you would dye, and keep stirring them about for an hour and a half, then cool and rinse them out.

An extraordinary good CRIMSON.
Take two ounces of fine white wine tartar, beaten very fine, and two ounces of the best alum for every pound of woollen ware, and also half a pail full of clean rain water for each pound, boil them together with the ware for an hour, stir it about and then hang it out; let it dry and rinse it very well in clean water.
Then heat clean rain water in a copper, take out a pailful, and put into it one ounce of cochineal, pounded to an impalpable powder, dissolve it a little and pour it into the kettle again, taking care to rinse the cochineal very well out of the pail; then having reduc’d one ounce and a half of tartar, and a dram of red arsenick also into powder, stir them well together and put them into the copper; then put in the stuff, after them, and a quarter of an hour after, add two ladles full of wheaten-bran, keeping stirring them continually; boil them for a quarter of an hour; then take out the stuffs and rinse them.
But you must take notice, that when you put in bran, you must also put in a spoonful of burnt wine lees, which will give the stuffs an extraordinary lustre.

A purple CRIMSON.
First dye the ware a light blue, still remembring that the lighter the blue is, the finer the purple will be.
Then with an ounce and half of cochineal, and an ounce and half of tartar, work it as other Crimson, and it will be a very beautiful colour; and the lustre will become remarkably brighter and clearer by adding a little bran-dye.

A lavender CRIMSON.
Having first dyed the stuff of a tawny faint blue, rinse it clean, and throw the suds into the purple suds, after they have been us'd in dying. These suds being of very little value, and otherwise useless, produce a good lavender dye at a cheap rate. See LAVENDER.

For a CRIMSON colour in painting use carmine, but it is necessary that the buyer be inform'd, that there are several sorts of it, some darker and some much coarser than others, and therefore it should rever be bought by candle light, unless of such in whom one can confide; for between the best and the worst there is ten shillings an ounce difference; nay, indeed all the money an ounce will cost, because that which is bad will spoil the work.

Of a transparent CRIMSON.
A liquid colour not much in serior to carmine itself, may be made of the raspings of brasile wood, sold at the dry-salters, and at some colour shops.
To make this transparent Crimson colour, boil an ounce of the raspings of brasile wood in twelve ounces of pale stale beer and a little allum, till the colour of the liquor is as strong as you please; which you may discover by dipping into it a slip of white paper, and when this colour is as you would have it, and ’tis cold, pass it through a linen cloth, and put the clear liquor into a bottle for use.
And if you have a mind to bring this colour to a body, take ox blood and dry it, till it can be reduc’d to a powder, which being mixt with it will give a colour, which will not be much inferior to a middling sort of carmine. Some say, that the blood of an ox or cow dry'd, will make a good body for any colour.

Todennäköisesti tämä on mykerösavikka, Chenopodium capitatum = Blitum capitatum, joka tunnetaan myös nimellä Indian paint, Indian ink, Strawberry spinach, blite goosefoot; tai marjasavikka Blitum virgatum, joka myös on tunnettu mansikkapinaattina.A CRIMSON colour from Mr. Boyle.
Take the fruit of the berry bearing spinach, which every gardiner about London knows, press them, and you will have a beautiful, red-colour'd juice from them; boil this and put about a fourth part of allum to it, when you pour it into the vessel where it is to cool, and it will make as fine a colour as any others that are noted, and for a small expence; for it will grow any where, and in one bunch of the fruit, there are seeds enough to sow two or three roods of ground.

The red beet-root bak'd with a little strong vinegar produces an elegant red colour, equal to a tincture of carmine, then pour it on allum, and it is fit for use, where carmine should be us'd in washing of prints: For it is a fine transparent red.

A CRIMSON colour for washing prints, &c.
Put thirty or forty grains of cochineal bruis'd into a gally-pot, and as many drops of tartar-lye [see it under the articles tartar or lye] as will just wet it, and make it give forth its colour; and immediately add to it half a spoonful of water, or more if the colour be yet too deep, and you will have a delicate purple liquor or tincture.
Then take a bit of allum, and with a knife scrape very finely a very little of it into the tincture, and this will take away the purple colour, and make it a delicate Crimson.
Strain this through a fine cloth into a clean gally-pot, and use it as sooh as you can, for this is a colour that always looks most noble, when soon hade use of, but will decay if it stand long.

To dye a common or slight CRIMSON.
For one pound of woollen, take 2 ounces of allum, 2 ounces of white wine tartar, one ounce of aqua fortis temper'd with half an ounce of English tin, a pound of madder, a quarter of a pound of blue wood. Boil the stuffs well in this liquor, then let them cool and rinse them out.
To finish the dye. Put into the liquor a quarter of a pound of blue wood, three ounces of pot-ashes, and stir the stuffs very briskly in it. This dye looks very well and may serve for flight stuffs, and such as are design'd for linings, and that are kept from sweat, wet and weather; but it quickly fades.

To dye a very fine CRIMSON.
For sixteen pound of woollen stuffs, boil twelve gallons of water or rather more, to which put in fixteen handfuls of wheaten-bran; let it stand a night to settle, stirring it very well, and in the morning pour off the clear liquor or rather strain it, that it may be perfectly clear.
Mix one half of this liquor with as much clean water, that the stuffs or wool may be work'd commodiously in it.
Boll this mixt liquër and put into it one pound of allum, and half a pound of tartar; first boil these very well, and then put in the goods, and boil them for two hours, keeping them stirring (especially if they be wool) from top to bottom continually.
To finish it. Boil the remainder of the bran and water, with an equal quantity or rather more fair water, and when it boils apace, put in four ounces of cochineal, and two ounces of pure white wine tartar powder'd; stirring it about, and taking care that it neither runs over or boils too fast, and when it is very well boil'd, put in your ware, and stir it about till you find that it has taken the dye equally every where, then cool and rinse it out.

To dye a natural or lively CRIMSON.
First wet the goods well, and for every pound of stuff to make the suds, use two ounces and a half of temper'd aqua fortis, and three ounces and half of tartar, an ounce and a half of cochineal, and eight ounces of allum; boil the ware with all these for half an hour, let them cool and rinse them out.
To finish the dye. Boil four ounces of cochineal, three ounces of starch, three ounces of white wine tartar, and half an ounce of white arsenick together for a quarter of an hour; then put in the goods, and let them boil for above half an hour, or till they have taken the dye well and equally.

To dye SILK of a CRIMSON.
The silk having been prepar'd as before directed, allow an ounce and half of cochineal to every pound of silk, pound it to powder, and pass it through a hair sieve, then put it into the remaining pail of liquor last mentioned, hang it over the fire again; then with the liquor put it into a brass kettle, and cover it very close that no dust may get in, and hang it over the fire again, and add to it an ounce and a half of white arsenick, and two ounces and a half of tartar, both reduc’d to a fine powder; boil them together for a quarter of an hour; then take it off the fire, and let it stand a very little while, and then put in the silk, stirring it about very well, that the colour may not be variegated when the liquor is cold; then wring out the silk, and if it is not ting'd enough, hang the dye over the fire again, and after the silk has been beaten, put it in again as before.
When the silk is dyed, you must in the first place rinse it out in hot suds, made by putting half a pound of Venice soap, in proportion to every pound of silk, let it be dissolv’d in it, and afterwards put the silk into cold river water; then beat it upon a block and hang it to dry, then spread it abroad, wound and manag'd according to custom, it will be a very beautiful Crimson.
If you would dye Crimson from a violet ground, you may al ways abate one third part of the quantity of the ingredients; that is a pound of silk so grounded will not require above an ounce - of cochineal, as much of arsenick, and two ounces of tartar.

Another cochineal CRIMSON dye.
When the silk has been well boil'd and prepar'd as before directed, take half a pound of crude allum to every pound of raw silk, and when it is dissolv’d, put the silk into the liquor, and let it steep for the space of a night; the - next morning rinse it out very well; and then dye it as follows.
Into a kettle of fair water put in two ounces and a half of cochineal finely powdered for every pound of silk, and three ounces 3 of pounded galls, and three ounces of purified gum, one eighth a part of an ounce of turmerick, and in this liquor boil the silk for two hours; after which, let it remain in it a whole night, and the next morning rinse it and dry it.

To dye SILK a dove CRIMSON.
The silk having been allumed, (as above directed) clean rinsed, and hung upon poles, take a kettle, scour it very clean, fill it with water, and to each pound of silk, put an ounce of cochineal, stir the silk in the liquor, and boil them for an hour, then rinse the silk out, wring it and dry it.
You must take special care that the silk is not party-colour'd or of different colours, by taking the colours better in one place than in another; and for that reason, it must be put in when the liquor is no more than lukewarm.

A slighter sort of dove CRIMSON.
To every pound of silk take four ounces of brasile, boil and strain it as before, then pour cold water to it, till it becomes just lukewarm, then stir the silk in it, till it has extracted the strength out of the dye or liquor, which you may then throw away; and again, put French water, and then a little pot-ashes to it, thus let it dislolve, stir the silk in it, rinse and dry it.

Fill a clean kettle with fair water, and allow three quarters of a pound of Orseille to every pound of silk, stir the silk about in it and wring it out; then add a quarter of a pound of allum, and a handful of white arsenick to every pound of silk.
Let the silk lie in this liquor a whole night, the next morning wring it out carefully and dry it, afterwards take two ounces of cochineal, two ounces of galls, and two ounces of gums, and a little turmerick to every pound of silk; put in the silk and boil it for two hours; then put in a little Zepsie, let the silk lie in it all night, and the next morning rinse it and dry it according to art.

To dye silk a CRIMSON Musk colour.
Fill a clean kettle half full of water, and for every pound of silk, take a quarter of a pound of yellow wood; tye it up in a bag, put it into the kettle, and boil it very well; add to every pound of silk one ounce of blue wood, and boil them together; then put in one pound of galls, and fill up the kettle with stale gall water; then put in the silk, being first allumed and cleansed; stir it about very well, and let it lie in the dye all night, the next morning wring it out, rinse it and beat it, and then rinse it again in warm water and scheiet; and when you find the dye deep enough, cool it, wring it out, rinse it, beat it and hang it up to dry.

Put clean rain water into a very clean kettle, then put four ounces of pot-ashes, and four ounces of orleans, strain them through a sieve into the kettle, and dissolve them very well, then the boil'd and allumed silk (being first well rins'd from the allum) must be stirr'd about in it and boil'd, then wrung out and rins'd and beaten; then to every pound of silk, take twelve ounces of galls, which boil two hours, and then let them cool for two hours, and afterwards lay the silk to soak in it for three or four hours; after which take it out, wring, rinse, beat and dry it.

To dye SILK an Isabella CRIMSON.
Prepare the silk, rinse and beat it very well, then stir it about in the same liquor in which the orange colour is dyed, and so you will have a fine Isabella Crimson.
Then rinse, wring and beat it well, and lay it in the gall suds, which the orange has before been in for three or four hours; and afterwards rinse and dry it very well.
If you have no orange suds, take for every pound of silk one ounce of orleans, half an ounce of pot-ashes, and dye it therein like the orange, then gall it, rinse and dry it.

Ei kommentteja :