The Universal Herbal: Hippophae Rhamnoides; Common Sea-Buckthorn, or Sallow Thorn.

The Universal Herbal;
or botanical, medical and agricultural dictonary.
Containing an account of All the known Plants in the World, arranged according to the Linnean system. Specifying the uses to which they are or may be applied, whether as food, as medicine, or in the arts and manufactures.
With the best methods of propagation, and the most recent agricultural improvements.
collected from indisputable Authorities.
Adapted to the use of the farmer - the gardener - the husbandman - the botanist - the florist - and country housekeepers in general.
By Thomas Green.
Vol. I
Printed at the Caxton Press by Henri Fisher.
Printer in Ordinary to His Majesty.
Leaves lanceolate. It rises with shrubby stalks eight or ten feet high, sending out many irregular branches, which have a brown bark silvered over. The branches spread wide, are straight, stiff, and thorny at the ends, the lesser ones numerous, scattered, short, and spreading; flowers solitary, appearing before the leaves, generally abortive, unless the shrub grows in its natural situation. The female flowers are sessile in the axils of the lower leaves: the male flowers are subsessile, somewhat spiked, disposed in four rows along the lesser branches. The flowers come out from the branchlets of the former year. The berries are very abundant, gratefully acid, and much eaten by the Tartars. They are the principal food of peasants upon Mount Caucasus. The fishermen of the Gulf of Bothnia prepare a rob from them, which imparts a grateful flavour to fresh fish. In sunny situations this shrub is planted for hedges, and is used for dyeing yellow. Cows refuse it; goats, sheep, and horses use it. It varies with red berries. Miller says, that he has observed it only with yellow berries in England, but that he had seen it on the sand-banks in Holland with red berries. The Germans call it Haftaorn; the Dutch, Duinbessen; the Swedes and Danes, Haftorn; the French, Argoussier; the Spaniards, Espino Amarillo; the Russians, Rakitnik. It flowers in April and May; Ray says in June, and Miller in July. — Native of many parts of Europe, on sandy sea-coasts. In England it is found near Sandwich, Deal, Folkstone, and the isle of Shepey in Kent, on Canvey Island in Essex; upon Cley and Sheringham cliffs, and between Yarmouth and Winterton in Norfolk; in Lincolnshire; and at Whitby and Lyth in Yorkshire.

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