The Dyer's Guide. Chapter II. On Dyeing Cotton. Another Indigo vat.

The Dyer's Guide
Being a Compendium of the Art of Dyeing
Linen, Cotton, Silk, Wool, Muslin, Dresses, Furniture, &c. &c.

With The Method of
Scouring Wool, Bleaching Cotton, &c.
Directions for Ungumming Silk, And For Whitening And Sulphuring Silk And Wool.
And Also
An Inttroductory Epitome of The Leading Facts in Chemistry, As Connected With The Art of Dyeing.

By Thomas Packer,
Dyer and Practical Chemist.

"Cet arte est un des plus utiles et des plus merveilleux qu'on connoisse."
- Chaptal.

"There is no art which depends so much on chemistry as dyeing."
- Garnett.

Second Edition,
Corrected and Materially Improved.

Printed for Sherwood, Gilbert, And Piper,

Take five hundred quarts of water; indigo seven or eight pounds. The boiler must be iron.

Boil the indigo with sixteen pounds of a liquor made with potash and eight pounds of hme. After the lime and potash have been in contact, as in all these instances they should be, from twelve to twenty-four hours, to take away the carbonic acid from the potash, the clear liquor of this mixture is what must be used. The indigo must be previously powdered, and ground extremely fine in water before it is put into the alkaline liquor. The mixture must now be added to the five hundred quarts of water, and the whole boiled till the indigo rises to the surface like cream, and till, in striking the bottom of the boiler with a stick, it is found to contain no solid substance.

While the indigo is boiling, another eight pounds of lime must be slacked in about twenty quarts of warm water; dissolve in this lime-water sixteen pounds of sulphate of iron. The vat being half filled with water, the solution of lime and sulphate of iron is to be put into it; the indigo solution is now also to be added, the vat, being thus filled to within about three or four inches of the edge, must be stirred two or three times a day till it is fit for dyeing, which it will be in about forty-eight hours, and sometimes sooner, according to the temperature of the air, by which the completion of the process is more or less accelerated.

When the strength of the vat is exhausted, it must be, of course, replenished. If the liquor becomes black, it wants sulphate of iron; if yellow, lime is required. When the indigo is far spent, more must be added in the same manner as at first.

In this vat, as respects the blue dye, if it be for muslin, calico, &c., the form should be square, about two yards long, one yard to one and a half wide, and from seven to eight feet deep; the pieces of cloth are to be hooked into a frame.

Where much work is done, it will be necessary to have two or three such vats, in order that they may be worked in succession: by stirring them some hours previously to working, the weaker will do for the lighter shades, the stronger for the fuller colours. If the vat is in proper order, the goods always come out green, and turn blue in the air. This should be ascertained by small patterns previously to working the whole. When any goods are dyed in these vats, if not full enough at one dip, they may be left a certain time, and then be dipped again, once or more, as they appear to require it.

When they are blue enough, and fully aired, they must be taken from the hooks, and well washed off in two or three fresh clean waters, or at a wash wheel in a clear running stream. When perfectly clean, they are ready for the calenderer or glazer.

Ei kommentteja :