A New Supplement...: K. Kali. Kermes. Kermes mineral. Kino.

A New Supplement to the latest Pharmacopoeias of London, Edinburgh, Dublin, and Paris, Forming A Complete Dispendatory, Conspectus, and Dictionary of Medical Chemistry, Giving All the Old and New Names, Including the New French and American Medicines, and Poisons; with Symptoms, Treatment, and Tests; as Well As Herbs, Drugs, Compounds, Veterinary Drugs, With the Pharmacopoia of the Vetenary College, Nostrums, Patent Medicines, Perfumery, Paints, Varnishes, And similar articles kept in the Shops; With Their Compositions, Imitations, Adulterations, And Medicinal Uses, Being a General Book of Formulæ and Recipes For Daily Reference in the Laboratory and at the Counter.
Fourth edition, corrected, improved, and very much enlarged.
By James Rennie, M. A., Editor of the Quarterly Journal of Foreign Medicine; the Pharmacopeia Universalis; Author of a Conspectus of Prescriptions in Medicine, Surgery, and Midwifery; the Pharmacopeia Imperialis, &c. &c.
London: Baldwin and Cradock. 1837.
London: Thomas Curson Hansard, Paternoster Row.

KALI. The old name for Potass, and retained by the Dublin College till the last edition of their Pharmacopoeia.  Al, the Arabic article, is now added to kali, as a general term.

KERMES. P. An insect, the Coccus Ilicis, with its nidus dried, which is aromatic, astringent, stimulant, and aphrodisiac, and is prescribed in nervous debility and in difficult parturition.

KERMES MINERAL, an antimonial medicine still in great repute on the continent. It is prepared by boiling for an hour one part of carbonate of potass with four parts of native sesqui-sulphuret of antimony finely pulverized in a quantity of water, filtering and setting the liquor aside to cool, the precipitate of which is the kermes.
Decomposition. During the boiling the potass combines with the culphur of the sulphuret, forming sulphuret of potassium; which, by decomposing part of the water, attracts its hydrogen, and becomes hydrosulphate of potass, while its oxygen converts the antimony into an oxide, and the latter substance is dissolved by the alkaline hydrosulphate. As the solution cools the affinities are changed, and the oxide of antimony, combining with the hydrosulphuric acid, is precipitated.
Medicinally it is prescribed in doses of gr. j. even to €j or €jss in the course of the day, as a counter stimulant; by the Italians of the new school (RASORI and BORDA.) In doses of gr. iv to gr. viij it is emetic, like potassio-tartrate of antimony. It is nearly the same as the golden sulphur of animony, and is called the Codex Hydrosulphuretum rubrum stibii sulphurati, or red hydrosulphuret of sulphuretted antimony.

KINO. L. E. D. P. An extract procured from a tropical tree, Pterocarpus erinaceous. The kino has no smell, and is of a bitter taste with a shade of sweetness.
Soluble in alcohol, and also in water at 60°.
Incompatible with isinglass, mineral acids, the alkalies, acetate of lead, bichloride of mercury, nitrate of silver, the sulphates of iron and zinc, and potassio-tartrate of antimony.
Adulterated with the extract of mahogany, and in the original prepapration with earthy matters, which may be known by its grittiness when chewed. It is imported chiefly from Amboyna, and ought to be deep brown, shining, brittle, and uniform in colour. With spirit of wine it ought to form a claret-coloured tincture, which water will not render turbid.
Enters into Elect. Catechu. E. D. Tinct. Kino. L. E. D.

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